How Does Lighting Make Car Parks Safer?

Back to News

Car parks are an essential part of our infrastructure, whether they are used by commuters, by employees or for everyday shopping and leisure purposes. As such, car parks need to be as safe as possible for the people who use them.

There is a legal obligation to maintain car park safety and ensure car parks are suitable for the people and vehicles using them.

HSE recommends implementing a monitoring process for car parks, including regular physical inspections. The Institute of Civil Engineers advocates that for more complex car parks, there is a proper, comprehensive care-plan, which includes regular inspection, maintenance and repair.

There are issues to do with general car park maintenance, including keeping surfaces free from pot holes, debris and any substances which might affect a vehicles grip. Safety and directional signs are also essential in helping drivers and pedestrians navigate around car parks safely.

However, another critical factor in car park safety is lighting.


Lighting in Car Parks

Any car park that is used during a period of darkness must be lit. Even in daylight, car parks may have dark areas and cast strong shadows; and underground car parks will need a continuous source of light. A car park’s lighting system should work to eliminate dark places, which can pose a threat to both vehicle and personal security.

Consequently, car park lighting should be consistent, offering the same level and quality of illumination throughout the space.

There are certain lighting basics for car parks:

  • Avoid over-lighting the designated space as this will create dark shadows
  • Ensure you properly mount lighting so it is out of reach of anyone looking to tamper with it
  • Patrol the car park regularly to make sure your lighting is always working
  • Replace any failed or defective bulbs swiftly.


Making Your Car Park Lighting Effective

Different car parks have different lighting requirements. Where there is light traffic, 100 spaces maximum, then overall uniformity of light can be a lower average of SI derived units of illuminance.

For medium traffic, anything between 100 and 500 spaces, then overall uniformity needs to be greater.

When it comes to heavy traffic, such as major shopping centre car parks, or short-stay airport parking, for example, then the overall uniformity of average light should be higher still.


Should you vary your lighting levels?

Intelligent lighting controls and LEDs can trigger changes in lighting levels to meet safety requirements while avoiding over-lighting the car park. This can then reduce energy consumption while ensuring safety for pedestrians and vehicles.

Consider the kind of light you use. White light creates the best atmosphere for parking vehicles. It helps to clearly define the car park, and enhance CCTV views. For pedestrians’ visibility, and vision, neutral white light is ideal.


Controlling Car Park Lighting

It is important to control glare in car parks, with the aim that there should be none at all from car park’s lighting system.

This control comes from controlling the distribution and concentration of light, and using accessories such as optics and glazing.

For larger car parks, higher-powered light sources can be mounted at a greater height, keeping the lighting economical, and limiting how obtrusive it is.

There should also be consideration for neighbouring buildings and areas,  especially if the car park is in a residential area. The lighting should be concentrated on the main car park area, with as little spillage as possible onto back gardens or windows.

In addition to lighting, covered or multi-storey car parks can also benefit from overhead guidance indicators, which also use LED lighting.


Why Choose Altitude Services?

We have over 30 years’ experience in the design, implementation and maintenance of specialist and outdoor lighting systems. We know car park safety is a priority, and with the right lighting system, we can protect drivers and pedestrians and help them feel secure using your facilities.

Please contact us to find out how we can help you.

Enjoying our articles? Get them straight to your inbox. All you need to do is sign up to our newsletter here: Sign me up!

Latest News

We regularly update our news feed, so please check back here for all the very latest on Altitude Services, our current projects and service additions.

All News

Is Your External Lighting Fit for Winter?

For any type commercial premises, it is important to ensure all external lighting is fit for winter.... [READ MORE]

Altitude Services Illuminates the Social Value of Local Sports Facility

Specialist lighting contractor, Altitude Services, has won the contract to provide new lighting at the Richmond Park Athletics Stadium in Ashton-under-Lyne.... [READ MORE]

A Framework for Road Lighting Success

Altitude Services has recently put in a successful bid to carry out work under the Cumbria Road Lighting Framework. This means we will be installing LED lanterns and lighting columns to improve street lighting in the area. The contract duration is 3 years plus and option to extend for a third year.... [READ MORE]

Lighting For Your Parish

There are 9,000 town and parish councils in England and approximately 80% of them represent populations under 2,500. These parish councils have powers to provide some local facilities themselves, and these facilities can include lighting.... [READ MORE]

Why is Lighting Important for Parks and Public Spaces?

Public spaces, including parks, are essential to modern life, especially in urban areas. For these open spaces to be welcoming, and to feel safe for people using them, they must be sufficiently well-lit.... [READ MORE]

Our Clients

Get in touch